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BUZACOTT, Charles Hardie

BUZACOTT, Charles Hardie

Male 1835 - 1918  (82 years)

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  • Name BUZACOTT, Charles Hardie   [1, 2, 3
    • Buzacott, Charles Hardie (1835?1918)

      by Clem Lack

      Charles Hardie Buzacott (1835-1918), publisher, journalist and politician, was born on 3 August 1835 at Torrington, Devonshire, England, son of James Buzacott and Ann, née Hitchcock. In 1852 he decided to migrate with his elder brother William to Sydney. There Charles learnt the trade of a compositor on Henry Parkes's Empire, while William, a journeyman printer by trade, set up a jobbing office and published a weekly religious journal.

      When Queensland achieved separation in 1859 Charles was attracted to the new colony. In 1860 he moved to Maryborough, then the port of the squatters of the Burnett and Dawson watersheds, as the place to establish a weekly newspaper. His journal, the Maryborough Chronicle, first appeared on 21 November 1860. He sold it in 1864, when with E. J. Fried he launched the Peak Downs Telegram on the Clermont goldfield. In a flood at Clermont his office was washed away but Buzacott managed to rescue some type-cases and other plant; from a tree overlooking the flooded main street he wrote an account of the flood and printed it when he was able to resume publication. In 1869 Buzacott disposed of his interest in the Telegram and moved to Gladstone where he took over the Observer.

      Meanwhile William, influenced by his brother, had followed him to Queensland in May 1861 and had decided to establish a newspaper at Rockhampton. He shipped a printing plant from Sydney, and on 9 July 1861 the Bulletin (later Morning Bulletin) first appeared as a four-page newspaper three times a week. In 1870 Charles joined his brother at Rockhampton and next year assumed control of the Bulletin. He became its second editor when William was appointed leader writer on the Brisbane Courier. William returned in 1873 to the Bulletin as editor and partner; he died on 12 July 1880 at the age of 48.

      In 1873 Buzacott was elected to the Legislative Assembly as member for Rockhampton. In 1874 and 1876 he initiated bills to establish a statutory eight-hour day, but neither bill survived the committee stage. He resigned his seat in 1877 and next year became leader writer on the Brisbane Courier. In 1879, however, he was returned to the Legislative Council and became postmaster-general in Sir Thomas McIlwraith's first ministry. During his two years in office the separate Post and Telegraph Departments of the colony were amalgamated and the telephone was introduced. He was an ardent advocate of a direct mail service between Queensland and London, although later McIlwraith was responsible for opening the direct Torres Strait route from Brisbane to London for overseas mails. Buzacott drafted several legislative measures and was the reputed author of the Divisional Boards Act which became the foundation of Queensland local government legislation, serving as a model for later statutes. His Act gave power for the constitution of divisional boards, which were made coincident with the electoral divisions of the colony.

      In December 1880 Buzacott bought Gresley Lukin's interest in the Brisbane Courier and retired from politics in 1883 to become managing director and partner of the Brisbane Newspaper Co. Ltd, publishers of the Brisbane Courier and Queenslander. He showed keen business acumen in his conduct of the Courier which in 1883 was increased to eight pages and reduced in price from 3d. to 2d. Fearless in his reporting, he was a strong critic of Hansard. After an experiment with sending copies to his subscribers quickened no interest in parliamentary affairs, he told a government committee that 'if the House wishes Hansard read, it must make Hansard readable'. For his forthright comments the government, strongly supported by the Legislative Assembly, brought an unsuccessful action against the publisher of the Brisbane Courier (R. v. Hill) in 1884. Soon afterwards Buzacott took over the Daily Observer and bought the corner site at Queen and Edward Streets where the fine five-storied Courier Building was erected. There in the largest and most modern Australian newspaper office the Courier, Observer and Queenslander were first published in May 1887, with the Observer as the evening edition. Buzacott continued as managing director until the company was reconstructed in 1894 and he retired.

      From 1894 to 1901 Buzacott was again a member of the Legislative Council. With S. W. Hartley as partner he bought from J. C. Browne the Northern Argus, chief rival of the Rockhampton Bulletin and changed it into the evening Daily Record. Walter Sewell, a son of William, was editor of the Daily Record, in which for a time Tom Ryan, later Queensland's first Labor premier, had an interest. Renamed the Evening News, it was acquired by the Morning Bulletin in 1929 and continued publication until 1941. Buzacott returned to journalism in Brisbane when in May 1903 he floated the Brisbane Daily Mail. Its first issue appeared on 3 October, with Buzacott as managing director and chief editor. Failing health compelled him to retire in 1906 to Stanthorpe, where he continued to write regularly for the Daily Mail almost until his death on 19 July 1918.

      Buzacott was a brilliant and forceful writer. At the press banquet in Sydney at the founding of the Commonwealth, he was the oldest Australian journalist present and received an ovation. On 25 December 1857 in Sydney Buzacott, who was a member of the Church of England, had married Louisa, daughter of George and Sarah Whiteford of Liverpool, New South Wales. Of their eight children, three sons and two daughters survived him. The most notable was William James (1866-1959) who was associated with the Brisbane Newspaper Co. as a journalist from 1883, and editor of the Queenslander for many years.

      Select Bibliography
      C. A. Bernays, Queensland Politics During Sixty Years (Brisb, 1919)
      Votes and Proceedings (Legislative Assembly, Queensland), 1884, 1, 437
      A. G. Davies, ?Queensland's Pioneer Journals and Journalists?, Journal (Historical Society of Queensland), vol 3, no 4, 1936-47, pp 265-283
      C. Lack, ?A Century of Brisbane Journalism?, Journal (Historical Society of Queensland), vol 4, no 4, Dec 1951, pp 471-93
      A. A. Morrison, ?Some Aspects of Queensland Provincial Journalism?, Journal (Historical Society of Queensland), vol 4, no 5, Dec 1952, pp 702-08
      Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton), 8 July 1961.


      Citation details
      Lack, Clem, 'Buzacott, Charles Hardie (1835?1918)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/buzacott-charles-hardie-3133/text4669, accessed 27 June 2012.
      This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 3, (MUP), 1969

      ************************************************************
    • Queensland Parliament
      Former Members

      BUZACOTT, CHARLES HARDIE

      Personal

      Birth Date
      03 Jul 1835 (Torrington, Devon, England)

      Death Date
      19 Jul 1918 (Stanthorpe, Queensland, Australia)

      Parents
      James and Ann (nee Hitchcock)

      Marriage
      Married - Louisa Whiteford in Sydney on 25 December 1857, 4 son(s), 4 daughter(s).

      Occupation
      Newspaper proprietor

      Education
      1. Torrington, England.

      Religion
      Church of England

      Career

      1. Became a compositor.
      2. Established Maryborough Chronicle, 1860.
      3. Founded Peak Downs Telegram, 1864.
      4. Controlled Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton), 1870.
      5. Represented Rockhampton in Legislative Assembly of Queensland, 24 November 1873 to 31 October 1877.
      6. Lead writer Brisbane Courier, 1878.
      7. Appointed to the Legislative Council of Queensland, 21 January 1879 to 5 July 1882.
      8. Became shareholder of Brisbane Newspaper Company, 1880.
      9. Appointed managing director of Northern Argus, 1883 to 1895.
      10. Appointed director of the Financial Guarantee and Assurance Company of Queensland, 1890.
      11. Appointed to the Legislative Council of Queensland, 23 August 1894 to 13 May 1901.
      12. Became editor and managing director of Brisbane Daily Mail, 1903.
      13. Appointed chairman of the Brisbane Tramways Company.


      Party and Political Activities
      None (NONE)

      Party Positions
      1. None

      Parliamentary Representation
      House Party Electorate From To Departure Reason
      Assembly NONE ROCKHAMPTON 24 Nov 1873 31 Oct 1877 Resigned
      Council NONE NA 21 Jan 1879 05 Jul 1882 Resigned
      Council NONE NA 23 Aug 1894 13 May 1901 Resigned


      Appointments
      Description From To
      Postmaster General and representative of the government in Legislative Council 21 Jan 1879 17 Dec 1880


      Notes

      1. Buzacott and his elder brother, William, decided to migrate to Sydney in 1852. It was in Sydney that he learnt the trade of a compositor. His brother was a printer by trade and published a weekly religious journal.
      2. Buzacott decided to move to Queensland in 1860. This was after Queensland achieved separation from New South Wales in 1859. He moved to Maryborough and established a weekly newspaper called the Maryborough Chronicle. It first appeared on 21 November 1860. He sold this journal in 1864.
      3. In 1864 Buzacott and EJ Fried established the Peak Downs Telegram on the Clermont goldfield. In a subsequent flood in Clermont, Buzacott's office was washed away but he was able to save some type cases. He perched in a tree overlooking the flooded main street and wrote an account of the floods. He published the story when he could resume production.
      4. Buzacott sold his interest in the Peaks Downs Telegram in 1869 and moved to Gladstone. There he took over the running of the Observer. His brother followed him to Queensland and set up a newspaper in Rockhampton. On 9 July 1861 the Bulletin first appeared. In 1870, Buzacott joined his brother at the Bulletin and the next year took control of it.
      5. Buzacott was elected to the Legislative Assembly in 1873 as the member for Rockhampton. In 1874 and 1876 he proposed bills to establish a statutory eight-hour day. Neither bill was passed by the assembly. He resigned in 1877 and the year after became the lead writer for the Brisbane Courier.
      6. Buzacott was returned to the Legislative Council in 1879 and became the Postmaster General in Sir Thomas McIlwraith's first ministry. He was in that office for two years. During that time the post and telegraph departments became one and the telephone was introduced.
      7. Buzacott was a strong advocate for a direct mail service to London. It is said that he was the author of the Divisional Boards Act which was to become the foundation of the local government legislation in Queensland.
      8. Buzacott bought Gresley Lukin's interest in the Brisbane Courier in December 1880. He retired from politics in 1883 and became the managing director and partner of the Brisbane Newspaper Company which published the Brisbane Courier and the Queenslander. His business skills resulted in the paper increasing to eight pages.
      9. Buzacott was a fearless reporter and a strong critic of Hansard. He told a government committee that `if the House wishes Hansard read, it must make Hansard readable'. His comments resulted in the government taking action against the publisher of the Brisbane Courier, which was unsuccessful.
      10. Buzacott then took over the Daily Observer and purchased a site on the corner of Queen and Edward streets. The Courier Building was then erected on this site. From that building the Courier, Observer and Queenslander were first published in May 1887. When the company was restructured in 1894 Buzacott retired.
      11. Buzacott was a member of the Legislative Council of Queensland again from 1894 to 1901. With partner SW Hartley he bought the Northern Argus and changed it into the Daily Record.
      12. In May 1903 Buzacott returned to journalism in Brisbane. At this time he floated the Brisbane Daily Mail. The first issue was published on 3 October. Buzacott was the managing director and chief editor.
      13. When his health deteriorated Buzacott retired to Stanthorpe. He wrote regularly for the Daily Mail until his death.


      Sources

      1. Lack, Clem, 'Buzacott, Charles Hardie (1835 - 1918)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 3, Melbourne University Press, 1969, pp 320-321
      2. Morning Bulletin, 8 July 1861
      3. Waterson, DB, A Biographical Register of the Queensland Parliament: 1860-1929, 2nd revised edition (Sydney: Casket Publications, 2001)



      [Last Modified: 14 Feb 2011 11:42]
      http://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/apps/formermembers/memberBio1.aspx?m_id=302
    Born 3 Aug 1835  Torrington, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    • 3 Aug 1835 Clem Lack
      3 Jul 1835 Queensland Parliament Bio
      1 Aug 1835 Wikipedia
    Gender Male 
    Residence 1841  Great Torrington, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Residence 1851  Great Torrington, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Arrival 3 Sep 1852  Sydney, NSW, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    On the 'Sir Bevois' ex London 
    Residence 16 Jan 1882  Queen Street, South Brisbane, Qld, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Electoral Roll published in The Brisbane Courier
    http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/3408844 
    Residence 1903  Clayfield, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Died 19 Jul 1918  Stanthorpe, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Cause: Source: Australian Dictionary of Biography 
    Person ID P-735058405  Relph_Willis | Ancestors of Noela Jan RELPH nee HANSEN
    Last Modified 29 Jun 2012 

    Father BUZACOTT, James,   b. Abt 1808, South Molton, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother HITCHCOCK, Ann,   b. Abt 1811, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1847, Torrington District, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 36 years) 
    Family ID F733  Group Sheet

    Family WHITEFORD, Louisa,   b. 1839, Clifton District, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 1857  Sydney, NSW, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Children 
     1. BUZACOTT, Sarah A.,   b. 1858, Sydney District, NSW, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. BUZACOTT, Emily Whiteford,   b. 1861, Qld, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1912, Qld, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)
     3. BUZACOTT, George,   b. 1862, Qld, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. BUZACOTT, Annie,   b. 1864, Qld, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. BUZACOTT, William James,   b. 1866, Qld, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. BUZACOTT, Charles Hardie,   b. 1869, Qld, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. BUZACOTT, Louisa Maud,   b. 1871, Qld, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location
     8. BUZACOTT, Albert,   b. 1872, Qld, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID F726  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Charles Hardie Buzacott 1879
    Charles Hardie Buzacott 1879

  • Sources 
    1. [S-2058853308] 1851 England Census, Ancestry.com, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2005.Original data - Census Returns of England and Wales, 1851. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), 1851. Data imaged from the National Archives, ), Class: HO107; Piece: 1894; Folio: 555; Page: 4; GSU roll: 221045..
      Birth date: abt 1834Birth place: Torrington, Devon, EnglandResidence date: 1851Residence place: Great Torrington, Devon, England

    2. [S-2058878304] 1841 England Census, Ancestry.com, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2006.Original data - Census Returns of England and Wales, 1841. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), 1841. Data imaged from the National Archives, ), Class: HO107; Civil Parish: Great Torrington; County: Devon; Enumeration District: 1; Page: 14; Line: 9; GSU roll: 241311..
      Birth date: abt 1836Birth place: Devon, EnglandResidence date: 1841Residence place: Great Torrington, Devon, England

    3. [S-1555650972] Australian Electoral Rolls, 1901-1936, Ancestry.com, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2007.Original data - Australian Electoral Commission. [Electoral roll]. Microform mc N 451-mc N 457. National Library of Australia, Canberra, Australia.Original data: Australian Electoral ).
      Residence date: 1903Residence place: Clayfield, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

    4. [S-1952107687] NSW State Records, Charles Hardie BUZACOTT: Arrival in NSW, Accessed 17 Mar 2009.
      Names Age Ship Status Date of Arrival From Port Reference/Reel RemarksBUZACOTT C H Sir Bevois P 3/9/1852 London, Dungeness SMH & Mr WBUZACOTT W Mr Sir Bevois P 3/9/1852 London, Dungeness SMH & C H
      Unassisted passenger (Paid his way)

    5. [S-1952107687] NSW State Records, Louisa WHITEFORD marriage to Charles Hardie BUYACOTT, Accessed 17 Feb 2009.
      Registration Number Groom's Surname Groom's Given Name(s) Bride's Last Nameat Time of Marriage Bride's Given Name(s) District * 1025/1857 BUYACOTT CHARLES HARDIE WHITEFORD LOUISA SYDNEY